Kenites

Kenites
   Smiths, the name of a tribe inhabiting the desert lying between southern Palestine and the mountains of Sinai. Jethro was of this tribe (Judg. 1:16). He is called a "Midianite" (Num. 10:29), and hence it is concluded that the Midianites and the Kenites were the same tribe. They were wandering smiths, "the gipsies and travelling tinkers of the old Oriental world. They formed an important guild in an age when the art of metallurgy was confined to a few" (Sayce's Races, etc.). They showed kindness to Israel in their journey through the wilderness. They accompanied them in their march as far as Jericho (Judg. 1:16), and then returned to their old haunts among the Amalekites, in the desert to the south of Judah. They sustained afterwards friendly relations with the Israelites when settled in Canaan (Judg. 4:11, 17-21; 1 Sam. 27:10; 30:29). The Rechabites belonged to this tribe (1 Chr. 2:55) and in the days of Jeremiah (35:7-10) are referred to as following their nomad habits. Saul bade them depart from the Amalekites (1 Sam. 15:6) when, in obedience to the divine commission, he was about to "smite Amalek." And his reason is, "for ye showed kindness to all the children of Israel when they came up out of Egypt." Thus "God is not unrighteous to forget the kindnesses shown to his people; but they shall be remembered another day, at the farthest in the great day, and recompensed in the resurrection of the just" (M. Henry's Commentary). They are mentioned for the last time in Scripture in 1 Sam. 27:10; comp. 30:20.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Kenites — • A tribe or family often mentioned in the Old Testament, personified as Qayin from which the nomen gentilicium Qeni is derived Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Kenites — One of the groups in Canaan before the Israelite occupation (Gen. 15:19), to which Moses wife s father belonged (Judg. 1:16). It has been suggested that the worship of Yahweh came to Israel from the Kenites. An association of Kenites with Israel… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Kenites —    A tribe of nomadic smiths in biblical times living in Judah who appear on a map in at least one book in circulation. They are, however, unrelated to the Romany Gypsies …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Kenite — Kenites or Cinites (  /ˈkiːn …   Wikipedia

  • KENITE — (Heb. קֵינִי), a large group of nomadic clans engaged chiefly in metal working. The root qyn has the same meaning in cognate Semitic languages, e.g., in Arabic qayna, tinsmith, craftsman ; in Syriac and Aramaic qyn h, qyny, metalsmith. In the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RECHABITES — (Heb. בְּנֵי הָרֵכָבִים), a small religious sect first identified as such in Jeremiah 35 in an incident dated in the reign of jehoiakim , but tracing their descent to Jonadab son of Rechab, who was a contemporary of jehu (II Kings 10:15–17 where… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kenite — ▪ ancient people       member of a tribe of itinerant metalsmiths related to the Midianites and the Israelites who plied their trade while traveling in the region of the Arabah (the desert rift valley extending from the Sea of Galilee to the Gulf …   Universalium

  • AMALEKITES — (Heb.עֲמָלֵק), people of the Negev and the adjoining desert, a hereditary enemy of Israel from wilderness times to the early monarchy (Exod. 17:8–16; Judg. 3:13; 6:3; 10:12; I Sam. 14:48; ch. 15; ch. 30). Amalek, a son of Esau s son Eliphaz (Gen …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rechabite — Rechabites the descendants of Rechab through Jonadab or Jehonadab. They belonged to the Kenites, who accompanied the children of Israel into the holy land, and dwelt among them. Moses married a Kenite wife, [Judges 1:16] and Jael was the wife of… …   Wikipedia

  • Rechabites — Réchabites Les réchabites sont une secte juive fondée, sous le règne de Jéhu, par Jonadab (ou Jehonadab), fils de Réchab. Ils appartenaient aux Kénites, qui accompagnèrent les fils d Israël en Palestine, et se fixèrent parmi eux. Moïse épousa une …   Wikipédia en Français

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